Freeze-Thaw Damage

Masonry walls are generally highly durable. However, when masonry walls in cold climates stay too wet for too long, freeze-thaw damage can occur. This issue has particular relevance for energy efficiency retrofits, because the addition of interior insulation causes the masonry to stay colder and have a lower drying potential.

The following documents present details of BSC’s research and experience regarding the prevention of freeze-thaw damage in retrofit projects. Technical topics such as the critical degree of saturation (Scrit) are discussed, and case studies and recommendations are provided.

1-12 of 12 Items
CP

CP-1301: Field Monitoring and Simulation of a Historic Mass Masonry Building Retrofitted with Interior Insulation

By Kohta Ueno
Download.pdf  1.0 MB

GM

Mass Save Deep Energy Retrofit Builder Guide

By Betsy Pettit, FAIA, Ken Neuhauser, Cathy Gates
Download.pdf  6.1 MB

CP

CP-1201: Masonry Wall Insulation Interior Embedded Beam Simulations

By Kohta Ueno
Download.pdf  2.1 MB

CP

CP-1101: The Influence of Low-Permeance Vapor Barriers on Roof and Wall Performance

By John Straube
Download.pdf  274.3 KB

CP

CP-1013: Assessing the Freeze-Thaw Resistance of Clay Brick for Interior Insulation Retrofit Projects

By Straube/Schumacher/Mensinga
Download.pdf  253.2 KB

RR

RR-1014: High-R Walls for the Pacific Northwest–A Hygrothermal Analysis of Various Exterior Wall Systems

By Jonathan Smegal and John Straube
Download.pdf  2.6 MB

CP

CP-0910: Measuring the Impact of Interior Insulation on Solid Masonry Walls in a Cold Climate

By John Straube
Download.pdf  808.2 KB

RR

RR-0406: Face Sealed vs. Drainable EIFS

By Joseph Lstiburek
Download.pdf  1.3 MB

RR

RR-0106: Problems with Housewraps

By Joseph Lstiburek
Download.pdf  494.3 KB

CP

CP-0605: Assessing the Durability Impacts of Energy Efficient Enclosure Upgrades Using Hygrothermal Modeling

By John Straube and Christopher Schumacher
Download.pdf  1.7 MB

RR

RR-0409: Painting

By Joseph Lstiburek
Download.pdf  588.6 KB

RR

RR-0410: Vapor Barriers and Wall Design

By Joseph Lstiburek
Download.pdf  2.1 MB

1-12 of 12 Items