Freeze-Thaw Damage

Masonry walls are generally highly durable. However, when masonry walls in cold climates stay too wet for too long, freeze-thaw damage can occur. This issue has particular relevance for energy efficiency retrofits, because the addition of interior insulation causes the masonry to stay colder and have a lower drying potential.

The following documents present details of BSC’s research and experience regarding the prevention of freeze-thaw damage in retrofit projects. Technical topics such as the critical degree of saturation (Scrit) are discussed, and case studies and recommendations are provided.

1-5 of 5 Items

BSI-071: Joni Mitchell, Water and Walls

By Joseph Lstiburek
Download.pdf  338.1 KB


Mass Save Deep Energy Retrofit Builder Guide

By Betsy Pettit, FAIA, Ken Neuhauser, Cathy Gates
Download.pdf  6.1 MB


BSI-047: Thick as a Brick

By Joseph Lstiburek
Download.pdf  681.8 KB


BSI-042: Historical Development of the Building Enclosure

By John Straube
Download.pdf  359.4 KB


Measuring the Impact of Interior Insulation on Solid Masonry Walls in a Cold Climate

By Wilkinson/De Rose/Sullivan/Straube
Download.pdf  178.3 KB

1-5 of 5 Items