Freeze-Thaw Damage

Masonry walls are generally highly durable. However, when masonry walls in cold climates stay too wet for too long, freeze-thaw damage can occur. This issue has particular relevance for energy efficiency retrofits, because the addition of interior insulation causes the masonry to stay colder and have a lower drying potential.

The following documents present details of BSC’s research and experience regarding the prevention of freeze-thaw damage in retrofit projects. Technical topics such as the critical degree of saturation (Scrit) are discussed, and case studies and recommendations are provided.

1-19 of 19 Items
BA

BA-1404: Initial and Long Term Movement of Cladding Installed Over Exterior Rigid Insulation

By Peter Baker
Download.pdf  2.8 MB

BA

BA-1403: Guidance on Modeling Enclosure Design in Above Grade Walls: Expert Meeting Report

By Kohta Ueno and Joseph Lstiburek
Download.pdf  4.4 MB

BA

BA-1314: Cladding Attachment Over Thick Exterior Insulating Sheathing

By Peter Baker and Robert Lepage
Download.pdf  3.7 MB

BSI

BSI-071: Joni Mitchell, Water and Walls

By Joseph Lstiburek
Download.pdf  338.1 KB

BA

BA-1311: Evaluation of Two CEDA Weatherization Pilot Implementations of an Exterior Insulation and Over-Clad Retrofit Strategy for Residential Masonry Buildings in Chicago

By Ken Neuhauser
Download.pdf  7.2 MB

BA

BA-1307: Interior Insulation of Mass Masonry Walls: Joist Monitoring, Material Test Optimization, Salt Effects

By Kohta Ueno, Randy Van Straaten, Chris Schumacher
Download.pdf  6.9 MB

BA

BA-1302: Retrofit of a Multi-family Mass Masonry Building in New England

By Ueno/Kerrigan/Wytrykowska/Van Straaten
Download.pdf  15.5 MB

BA

BA-1202: Byggmeister Test Home—Cold Climate Multifamily Masonry Building Condition Assessment and Retrofit Analysis

By Honorata Wytrykowska, Kohta Ueno, Randy Van Straaten
Download.pdf  7.4 MB

BA

BA-1204: External Insulation of Masonry Walls and Wood Framed Walls

By Peter Baker
Download.pdf  12.4 MB

BA

BA-1108: Hybrid Foundation Insulation Retrofits: Measure Guidelines

By Kohta Ueno and Joseph Lstiburek
Download.pdf  4.5 MB

BA

BA-1105: Internal Insulation of Masonry Walls: Final Measure Guideline

By John Straube, Kohta Ueno and Christopher Schumacher
Download.pdf  6.8 MB

BSI

BSI-047: Thick as a Brick

By Joseph Lstiburek
Download.pdf  681.8 KB

BSI

BSI-042: Historical Development of the Building Enclosure

By John Straube
Download.pdf  359.4 KB

BA

BA-1015: Bulk Water Control Methods for Foundations

By Kohta Ueno and Joseph Lstiburek
Download.pdf  3.4 MB

BA

BA-0903: Building America Special Research Project—High-R Walls Case Study Analysis

By John Straube and Jonathan Smegal
Download.pdf  6.7 MB

BSD

BSD-112: Building Science for Strawbale Buildings

By John Straube
Download.pdf  2.2 MB

BSD

BSD-114: Interior Insulation Retrofits of Load-Bearing Masonry Walls In Cold Climates

By John Straube
Download.pdf  787.2 KB

BSD

BSD-106: Understanding Vapor Barriers

By Joseph Lstiburek
Download.pdf  3.8 MB

BSD

BSD-138: Moisture and Materials

By John Straube
Download.pdf  319.1 KB

1-19 of 19 Items