Freeze-Thaw Damage

Masonry walls are generally highly durable. However, when masonry walls in cold climates stay too wet for too long, freeze-thaw damage can occur. This issue has particular relevance for energy efficiency retrofits, because the addition of interior insulation causes the masonry to stay colder and have a lower drying potential.

The following documents present details of BSC’s research and experience regarding the prevention of freeze-thaw damage in retrofit projects. Technical topics such as the critical degree of saturation (Scrit) are discussed, and case studies and recommendations are provided.

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BSI

BSI-071: Joni Mitchell, Water and Walls

By Joseph Lstiburek
Download.pdf  338.1 KB

CP

CP-1201: Masonry Wall Insulation Interior Embedded Beam Simulations

By Kohta Ueno
Download.pdf  2.1 MB

BA

BA-1307: Interior Insulation of Mass Masonry Walls: Joist Monitoring, Material Test Optimization, Salt Effects

By Kohta Ueno, Randy Van Straaten, Chris Schumacher
Download.pdf  6.9 MB

BA

BA-1302: Retrofit of a Multi-family Mass Masonry Building in New England

By Ueno/Kerrigan/Wytrykowska/Van Straaten
Download.pdf  15.5 MB

BA

BA-1204: External Insulation of Masonry Walls and Wood Framed Walls

By Peter Baker
Download.pdf  12.4 MB

BA

BA-1108: Hybrid Foundation Insulation Retrofits: Measure Guidelines

By Kohta Ueno and Joseph Lstiburek
Download.pdf  4.5 MB

BA

BA-1105: Internal Insulation of Masonry Walls: Final Measure Guideline

By John Straube, Kohta Ueno and Christopher Schumacher
Download.pdf  6.8 MB

CP

CP-1101: The Influence of Low-Permeance Vapor Barriers on Roof and Wall Performance

By John Straube
Download.pdf  274.3 KB

BSI

BSI-047: Thick as a Brick

By Joseph Lstiburek
Download.pdf  681.8 KB

CP

CP-1013: Assessing the Freeze-Thaw Resistance of Clay Brick for Interior Insulation Retrofit Projects

By Straube/Schumacher/Mensinga
Download.pdf  253.2 KB

BSI

BSI-042: Historical Development of the Building Enclosure

By John Straube
Download.pdf  359.4 KB

BA

BA-1015: Bulk Water Control Methods for Foundations

By Kohta Ueno and Joseph Lstiburek
Download.pdf  3.4 MB

BSD

BSD-112: Building Science for Strawbale Buildings

By John Straube
Download.pdf  2.2 MB

RR

RR-0106: Problems with Housewraps

By Joseph Lstiburek
Download.pdf  494.3 KB

BSD

BSD-114: Interior Insulation Retrofits of Load-Bearing Masonry Walls In Cold Climates

By John Straube
Download.pdf  787.2 KB

BSD

BSD-106: Understanding Vapor Barriers

By Joseph Lstiburek
Download.pdf  3.8 MB

BSD

BSD-138: Moisture and Materials

By John Straube
Download.pdf  319.1 KB

CP

CP-0605: Assessing the Durability Impacts of Energy Efficient Enclosure Upgrades Using Hygrothermal Modeling

By John Straube and Christopher Schumacher
Download.pdf  1.7 MB

RR

RR-0409: Painting

By Joseph Lstiburek
Download.pdf  588.6 KB

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